API application programming interface. A protocol intended to be used as an interface by software components to communicate with each other. There are two options for releasing API: 1/ Protecting information on APIs from the general public. For example, Sony used to make its official PlayStation2 API available only to licensed PlayStation developers. This enabled Sony to control who wrote PlayStation 2 games. 2/ Making APIs freely available.

Bologna Process’, an EU project that institutes a European Higher Education Area, implementing homogenisation and standardisation of schooling programs and degrees. See also, corporatisation of higher education in Europe.

BYOD – Bring Your Own Device

BYOM – Bring Your Own Media. Even US State has a BYOD / BYOM policy

EduDeal’ – a working arrangement that historically promised higher wages and work satisfaction in exchange for [University] workers and their families taking on the cost for higher education. See this article in MUTE

GrC – Granular computing, a general computation theory for effectively using granules such as classes, clusters, subsets, groups and intervals to build an efficient computational model for complex applications with huge amounts of data, information and knowledge

GDs – granular documents – a document broken down into its smallest constituent item for the pruposes of addressing and reuse.

MOOCsMassive Open Online Courses are open access, web-based online courses available for free to anyone who can log on to the net. They come out gfrom the throretical ideas of open edcucational resourses. Typically tdo not offer university credits. Projects include: such as Coursera, Udacity, edX, and Academic RoomOthers, including Canvas Network and CourseSites by Blackboard evolved from learning management systems.

NSWYWF – New South Wales Young Writers Festival

OER – Open Eductation Resources, are digital materials that can be used, re-used and repurposed for teaching, learning, research and more, made freely available online through open licenses such as Creative Commons. Depending on your politics, can be seen as the key to global economic growth or an example of knowledge/education/culture imperialism?

Open IPR – Open Intellectual Property Rights

OS and OSS – Open Source and Open Source Softwares computer software with its source code made available and licensed with an open source license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose. Open source software is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Defined here.

OS Open Standard

P2P UThe Peer 2 Peer University, a grassroots open education project that organizes learning outside of institutional walls and gives learners recognition for their achievements. P2PU creates a model for lifelong learning alongside traditional formal higher education. Leveraging the internet and educational materials openly available online, P2PU enables high-quality low-cost education opportunities.

Schumpeter’s Gale, or ‘creative destruction’ – the way in which capitalist economic development arises out of the destruction of some prior economic order. See also: destructive innovation.

STEM Provision – Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics curricula

VC StartupsVenture Capital Startups. Often dealing with a novel technology or business model in high technology industries, such as biotechnology, IT, software etc.

Writers: Joanna Figiel, Simon Worthington